"Alpi Apuane in Festa" - Careggine, sabato 16 e domenica 17 agosto 2014 - a Bosa "la via dei pani" e "un pomeriggio di gusto"



Main projects and actions

silver fir

park's herbarium

hightlighted entities

the "Pinguicula" genus

the St. Viano cabbage

Descriptive cards
of some important
(in italian)

Aquilegia bertolonii

Biscutella apuana

Campanula medium

Carex macrolepis

Carex macrostachys

Carum appuanum

Centaurea arachnoidea

Centaurea arrigoni

Cerastium apuanum

Globularia incanescens

Hypericum coris

Lomelosia graminifolia

Moltkia suffruticosa

Orchis pauciflora

Phyteuma scorzonerifolia

Polygala carueliana

Rhamnus glaucophylla

Rhinanthus apuanus

Salix crataegifolia

Santolina leucantha

Saxifraga lingulata

Scabiosa holosericea

Sesleria tenuifolia

Valeriana saxatilis

Veronica aphylla

The Park's Herbarium


The Fociomboli peat bog


In the Apuan Alps marsh areas are not so frequent; this is mainly due to the prevailing calcareous nature of the substrate, whose high permeability does not allow, for a long time and in any period of the year, significant stagnation of water on the ground.
However, there are some examples of wetlands in the Apuan Alps, which today have become very delicate, vegetable entities that retain considerable and in some cases of great interest geobotany.


The Fociomboli peat bog, located at about 1100 m above sea level, is the most famous wetland of the Apuan area and also the largest.
The meadow basin is crossed by water coming from the overlying carbonate formations widespread and confluent in small streams; the impermeable rocks that make up the bottom of the basin allow the outcrop of the aquifer.
The flora of the peat is rich in species, which bloom mainly during the summer months, when the landscape is strongly influenced by the white blooms of cotton grass. In addition to relatively common species, such as the white hellebore (Veratrum album), the marsh speedwell (Veronica beccabunga) or a ponytail (Equisetum palustre), the flora of this habitat enumerates some peculiar species; among these, two kinds of plumes (Eriophorum latifolium and Eriophorum angustifolium), very rare in the Apuan here and here present with dense populations, the pinguicola (Pinguicula apuana) and three rare orchids, Dactylorhiza incarnata, Epipactis palustris and Herminium monorchis, this the latter in the Apennines in this unique station, where is the most significant example of glacial relict.

A dense beech forest surrounds the bog, interesting from a botanical point of view, but also from the landscape, especially during the fall, when it presents itself the hiker in all its shades of red-orange.



In the last few years some actions financed by the Ministry of the Environment as part of the Project for the conservation of biodiversity in the wetlands of the parks have been carried out on two wetlands inside the  Park (the Fociomboli peat bog and Sphagnum population of the Giardino Valley).
In the Fociomboli a special delimitation of the edge of glacial basin has been built, in order to avoid the abusive entrance by motor vehicles, mainly off-road and motorcycles; also a small wooden fence, temporary, has been put in place in the portion of habitat that hosts the population of the rare Herminium monorchis, to avoid damage by trampling. Finally a small pond in the peripheral portion of the bog was created.

The Sphagnum populations of the Giardino Valley has been carefullly cleaned by the other moss population and weeds from the chestnut; this action, largely executed without the aid of mechanical means, has allowed a rapid improvement of the vegetative conditions of Sphagnum cenosis.









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